An Irish Children’s Poet Cecil France Alexander wrote this as an original poem and in year 1848, it is created as a Christmas carol and published in hymnbook called “Hymns for little children” by Miss Cecil Humphreys. In a year after, the poem discovered and set into music by an English organist Henry John Gauntlett. As of in 1919, it has begun the Christmas’ Eve and Dr Arthur Henry’s Mann set his own version of “Once in Royal David’s City” as the Processional hymn at the King’s College Chapel Cambridge. He made three arrangement of the one song; the first has sung solo by the boy chorister of the Choir of King’s Chapel and the second had sung by the choir afterwards, the third sang by the congregation.
This song talks about the birthplace of King David in Bethlehem, which was the ancestor of Jesus Christ. However, the version of Cecil France Alexander expanded most about the birth of Jesus Christ, which was not mentioned in any four gospels.